Seco M, Martinez G, Bannon PG, Cartwright BL, Adams M, Ng M, Wilson MK, Vallely MP

Heart Lung Circ 2014 May;23(5):462-8

PMID: 24315653

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to report our initial experience with the transapical approach to transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) at an Australian institution.

METHODS: All patients with severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis were assessed by our multidisciplinary team. A total of 32 patients received a transapical TAVI using an Edwards SAPIEN prosthesis. Data were prospectively collected and analysed according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium version 2 guidelines.

RESULTS: Intraoperative outcomes included: 100% device success with no conversion to surgical valve replacement, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was used electively in 15.6% and emergently in 6.3%, and no valve migration or malpositioning requiring prosthesis retrieval and re-implantation. Outcomes at 30 days post-TAVI included: No mortality, 3.1% myocardial infarction, no disabling stroke, 3.1% non-disabling stroke, no transient ischaemic attacks, 6.3% life-threatening bleeding, 15.6% major bleeding, 3.1% major vascular complications, and 12.5% postoperative acute kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy. Mild paravalvular regurgitation was present in 29%, and there was no moderate or severe regurgitation. Mean follow-up time was 28.8±12.9 months. Cumulative results included: 9.4% mortality, 6.3% stroke, 6.3% myocardial infarction, and no repeat procedures. At one year postoperation, echocardiography demonstrated that the mean pressure across the prosthesis was 10.1±1.7mmHg, and the mean aortic valve area was 1.4±0.2cm(2).

CONCLUSION: Good short-term outcomes and low or zero mortality are achievable with transapical TAVI at an Australian institution.