Edelman JJ, Ramponi F, Bannon PG, Jeremy R
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2011 May;12(5):863-5
This report describes the clinical course and management of a patient with Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) type 2. In 2003, a 31-year-old male was diagnosed with acute aortic dissection type B; in the following six years he underwent multiple surgical and endovascular aortic procedures at different thoracic and abdominal levels secondary to progressive enlargement of both the non-dissected thoracic aorta and the false lumen distal to the left subclavian artery. LDS is characterized by arterial tortuosity and aneurysms as a result of heterozygous mutations in genes encoding transforming growth factor-β receptor 1 and 2. Further studies are required to establish the proper surgical management.