Ramponi F, Vallely MP, Stephen MS, Bannon PG, Bayfield MS, White GH
J. Endovasc. Ther. 2011 Jun;18(3):350-4
PURPOSE: To describe a technique for transapical wire-assisted endograft deployment under rapid ventricular pacing for a type B dissection involving the proximal left subclavian artery and extending to the aortic bifurcation.
CASE REPORT: A 58-year-old man presented with a symptomatic thoracic aneurysm as a complication of a chronic type B dissection, with a short proximal neck in zone 1. After arch vessel debranching, the patient underwent endoluminal repair with deployment of a closed web, tapered Valiant thoracic endograft over a through-and-through wire from the left groin to the apex of the left ventricle, using rapid ventricular pacing to reduce cardiac output. The remaining dissected aorta was covered with a second Valiant endograft down to the distal third of the descending thoracic aorta and bare Z stents down to the aortic bifurcation to re-expand the true lumen. A freeflow Valiant endograft was deployed as a proximal extension to treat a proximal type I endoleak. The recovery was complicated by retrograde type A aortic dissection, considered secondary to the bare stent. The complication was repaired surgically; postoperative computed tomography after recovery was unremarkable.
CONCLUSION: Transapical wire-assisted deployment with rapid ventricular pacing is feasible and may provide improved stability for stenting within the aortic arch. The use of a stent-graft with a proximal bare stent is associated with a higher risk of retrograde extension of the dissection and warrants lifelong imaging follow-up.