Vanags LZ, Tan JTM, Santos M, Michael PS, Ali Z, Bilek MMM, Wise SG, Bursill CA
Nanomedicine 2017 Jun;13(7):2141-2150
We utilized a plasma activated coating (PAC) to covalently bind the active component of high density lipoproteins (HDL), apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, to stainless steel (SS) surfaces. ApoA-I suppresses restenosis and thrombosis and may therefore improve SS stent biocompatibility. PAC-coated SS significantly increased the covalent attachment of apoA-I, compared to SS alone. In static and dynamic flow thrombosis assays, PAC+apoA-I inhibited thrombosis and reduced platelet activation marker p-selectin. PAC+apoA-I reduced smooth muscle cell attachment and proliferation, and augmented EC attachment to PAC. We then coated PAC onto murine SS stents and found it did not peel or delaminate following crimping/expansion. ApoA-I was immobilized onto PAC-SS stents and was retained as a monolayer when exposed to pulsatile flow in vivo in a murine stent model. In conclusion, ApoA-I immobilized on PAC withstands pulsatile flow in vivo and retains its bioactivity, exhibiting anti-thrombotic and anti-restenotic properties, demonstrating the potential to improve stent biocompatibility.