Paterson HS, Bannon PG
Heart Lung Circ 2018 Feb;27(2):133-137
The use of composite coronary artery bypass grafts from the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) has increased over the last 20 years. Total arterial revascularisation can be achieved with two arterial conduits and is associated with a reduced risk of stroke. However, the traditional coronary bypass graft configurations of the in situ LIMA and aorto-coronary saphenous vein grafts remain as the mainstay of coronary bypass surgery in most centres. Concerns regarding composite Y grafts relate to (1) the adequacy of a single inflow for all coronary bypass grafts; (2) the risk of compromising the LIMA flow to the left anterior descending coronary artery; (3) the effects of competitive flow on graft patency; and (4) the use of sequential coronary anastomoses. The evidence upon which these concerns are based will be discussed along with the evidence relating to the use of the various second conduit options.