Cao JY, Wales KM, Zhao DF, Seco M, Celermajer DS, Bannon PG
Ann. Thorac. Surg. 2020 Mar;109(3):950-958
BACKGROUND: This systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to investigate the short- and long-term clinical outcomes of concurrent repair of mild or moderate tricuspid regurgitation (TR) during left-sided valve surgery.
METHODS: Medline, PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Libraries were searched, and 12 studies were identified, comprising 1373 patients who underwent TR repair during left-sided valve surgery and 1553 patients who did not. Of these studies, 6 were classified as having a low risk of bias (randomized controlled trials or propensity-matched studies), and 6 were considered as having a high risk of bias (nonmatched observational studies). The primary analysis included only studies with a low risk of bias (399 repair and 426 nonrepair).
RESULTS: Primary analysis of studies at low risk of bias demonstrated that the addition of TR repair compared with nonrepair was associated with reduced risks of cardiovascular mortality, all-cause mortality, and progression of TR over a median of 5.3 years of follow-up (cardiovascular mortality: relative risk [RR], 0.46; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.28 to 0.75; P = .002; all-cause mortality: RR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.49 to 0.96; P = .03; and TR progression: RR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.12 to 0.56; P < .001). Cardiopulmonary bypass time was significantly shorter in the nonrepair group (mean weighted difference, 18 minutes; 95% CI, 6 to 30; P = .003), although the risk of perioperative mortality was comparable between the 2 groups (RR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.27 to 1.97; P > .05).
CONCLUSIONS: Concurrent repair of mild or moderate TR during left-sided valve surgery is associated with improved long-term clinical outcomes without adversely affecting early survival. Should these results be validated by ongoing trials, there should be a revision of current guidelines to recommend a more aggressive approach toward TR repair.