Cao C, Louie BE, Melfi F, Veronesi G, Razzak R, Romano G, Novellis P, Ranganath NK, Park BJ
J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 2019 Sep;
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of robust clinical data on major postoperative complications following robotic-assisted resection for primary lung cancer. This study assessed the incidence and outcomes of patients who experienced major complications after robotic anatomic pulmonary resection.
METHODS: This was a multicenter, retrospective review of patients who underwent robotic anatomic pulmonary resection between 2002 and 2018. Major complications were defined as grade III or higher complications according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. Statistical analysis was performed based on patient-, surgeon-, and treatment-related factors.
RESULTS: During the study period, 1264 patients underwent robotic anatomic pulmonary resections, and 64 major complications occurred in 54 patients (4.3%). Univariate analysis identified male sex, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide, neoadjuvant therapy, and extent of resection as associated with increased likelihood of a major postoperative complication. Patient age, performance status, body mass index, reoperation status, and surgeon experience did not have a significant impact on major complications. Patients who experienced at least 1 major complication were at higher risk for an intensive care unit stay of >24 hours (17.0% vs 1.4%; P < .001) and prolonged hospitalization (8.5 days vs 4 days; P < .001). Patients who experienced a major postoperative complication had a 14.8% risk of postoperative death.
CONCLUSIONS: In this series, the major complication rate during the postoperative period was 4.3%. A number of identified patient- and treatment-related factors were associated with an increased risk of major complications. Major complications had a significant impact on mortality and duration of stay.